Sunday, May 26, 2013

4 Historical World Maps , 18240 pieces by Ravensburger

I was curious as to the artists of the maps in Ravensburger 4 Historical World Maps, so I did a bit of digging and came up with the following:

1. Novus Totuis Terrarum Orbis Geographica by Nicholas Vissccher under another name (Pseudonym)
2. Orbis Terrarum Nova et Accuratissima also by Nicholas Visscher
3. Orbis Terrarum Nova et Accuratissima by Johanne A Loon
4. Americae Sive Novi Orbis Nova by Cosmo and Cartographer Ortelius Abraham (also Oertel and Ortels)

Nicholas Visscher

"Orbis Terrarum Nova et Accuratissima", 1659

Novus Totuis Terrarum Orbis Geographica by Nicholas Visscher
Includes ornate border panels of engraved figures of Roman emperors, views of Rome, Amsterdam, Jerusalem, Tunis, Mexico, Havana, Pernambuco in Brazil, and San Salvador. Map of the world showing the allegorical figures of the four continents, and north and south polar views. Marco Polo's 'Beach' still shown as part of Magallanica sive Terra Australis Incognita. Relief shown pictorally. Nicolaus Johannes or Joannis Piscator was Visscher's latinised name.

Nicholas Visscher

"Novus Totuis Terrarum Orbis Geographica", 1659

Decorative full color example of Nicholas Visscher's highly influential double hemisphere map of the World map, first published in 1658. As noted by Rodney Shirley:
. . . Visscher's new woldmap in two hemispheres can be regarded as the master forerunner ofa number of highly decorative Dutch world maps produced throughout the remainder of the century. Essentially based upon Blaeu's [wall map of the World] of 1648 . . . the distinct attractiveness of many of the later seventeenth century Dutch world maps can be found in their border decorations . . . [in Visscher's map], artist Nicolaes Berchem has introduced dramatic classical scenes representing the rape of Perephone, Zeus being carried across the heavens in an eagle-drawn chariot, Poseidon commanding his entourage, and Demeter receiving the fruits of the Earth.
Visscher's map also includes a set of smaller polar hemispheric projections at the top and bottom of the map. Visscher's world map would become the proto-type for not only a generation of large format Dutch World maps, it also inspired a series of reduced sized biblical world maps by Stoopendahl and others.

Johanne A Loon

"Orbis Terrarum Nova et Accuratissima Tabula", 1650

Not the differences between this print and the puzzle version.

Shows California as an island with the 'Strait of Anian,' also a small portion of New Zealand. Locates Nouv. Albion and Po. S. Franco. Draco." Kashnor dates as 1666, but Shirley identifies this as the second state of this map and gives appeared in information, dating to 1680. Dedication to Charles II. Pitt was supplied this plate by van Waesberge. Artwork around map is taken from Visscher's 1658 map, see 093:057M. Prime meridian: Ferro. Relief: no. Projection: Dual Hemisphere. Printing Process: Copper engraving. References: Shirley 439; Phillips 470; Wagner 388. Verso Text: MS note: 288.

"Americae sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio."
In Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Antwerp, 1570.

Interesting differences between this edition and the one in the puzzle. I like the blue ocean...

ABRAHAM ORTELIUS or Ortel (1527-1598) was a rare book dealer in Antwerp. In 1564 he produced a world map that, influenced by Jacques Cartier's discoveries in 1534-41, showed the St. Lawrence River as a gateway to the Pacific Ocean. Ortelius was generally more of a compiler and publisher of maps and atlases than a cartographer, although he is considered second only to Gerhard Mercator among Flemish cartographers.
Inspired by his friend Mercator and borrowing from him, Ortelius compiled a book of maps coordinated in size and content. This book, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, with maps engraved by Franz Hogenberg, is considered the first modern atlas.
The map on display first appeared in Ortelius's atlas. The copy of the atlas in the McGregor Collection is a second edition, printed in the same year as the first edition. The atlas was published in forty-two editions in seven languages from 1570 to 1612. One remarkable feature of this book is that at a time when cartographers copied from the work of others without attribution, Ortelius scrupulously credited ninety-one sources in his atlas.

Americae sive Novi Orbis provides a reasonably accurate outline of North America and improves on the representation of the St. Lawrence River that Ortelius made on his world map. However, the map shows a very narrow Pacific Ocean and situates New Guinea due south of California. Americae sive Novi Orbis also locates Quivira too far to the west. Here Ortelius seems to have relied on Francisco L'pez de G'mara's popular Historia general de las Indias (1552). In his book, L'pez de G'mara mentions that Coronado had reported that the wealthy kingdom of Quivira was located at 40 degrees latitude. Since Coronado also reported that he had reached the sea, cartographers interpreted this to mean that Quivira must be located near the West coast.

Ortelius's Americae sive Novi Orbis also shows Anian in the Northwest. Anian was a mythical kingdom that Marco Polo mentioned in his travel accounts. Before it appeared in America on this map, Anian was generally believed to be located off the coast of north Asia; curiously, Orteliuss world map published just six years earlier locates Anian on the Asian mainland.
Compared to other contemporary maps, Americae sive Novi Orbis provides more detail because Ortelius was one of the first cartographers outside of Spain to adopt the place-names designated by the Spaniards de Niza, Coronado, and Cabrillo on their American explorations.


  1. Huh...that's really interesting research you did. I really like the blue ocean color in the one you're currently working on. Boy how much easier that would be to puzzle than all the stupid little dots. I can totally imagine why it is driving you nuts. It does not look like fun at all.

    Have you decided what's next on the puzzling block? Another Double Retrospect section?

    When are you going to start your "holy grail" (Wedding Feast) of a puzzle? I'm assuming that M wants to be a part of that one, right?

    Or maybe you should start on Life and show me how it's done! LOL

    1. Ha the dots are just blue in this one. But I think it would look nice blue. Not sure. I am thinking maybe Krypt for a hot minute and I am not sure I want to start on Double Retrospect. Should take about 60 hours and we are moving next week. I think I will be lucky just to finish this. I have to take breaks to let my eyes rest on this one to often. I have not received Life, Wedding Feast (9000) or Tower of Babel (9000) yet. They are all still in shipping. It takes a while to the VI :-) I am sure M will want to help on Wedding Feast, that said, its going to be a beast at 9000 pieces all together!

  2. the pictures (and your background on the blog) the dots look black.

    Krypt....boy you are a gluton for punishment aren't you? LOL

    Oh, good luck on the move next week. Did you guys end up getting a house or just a bigger apartment? Are you going to have a bigger space to puzzle?

    Oh wow...I didn't realize you still hadn't received Wedding Feast or Life puzzles yet. It must take a while...although it makes sense with the Wedding one as you got it from someone in Germany, right? Where is the Life puzzle coming from?

    I should have both of mine by the end of this coming week I think.

    Hey, I see that my friend Cortney started following your blog too. Did you find her blog through mine? She's really sweet....she had started working on the Life puzzle (after mixing all 24,000 pieces!!!), but then her life got in the way (5 kids) and she will probably be returning to it again soon hopefully.


    1. The dots are black just like in all of my pictures. This one on the blog is a different version if you look closely. I was just saying I like it better with blue dots. Not sure how this one ended up with black dots, I guess that is history.

      I did not realize Cortney was a mixer! Good on her